Europe has been the center of modern industry ever since the Industrial Revolution. The development of industry is linked to how available raw materials are. Heavy industry, the manufacturing of machinery and industrial equipment, had an increase during the 1800s due to Europe’s deposits of coal and iron ore. The Ruhr and Middle Rhine districts in Germany, Lorraine Saar district in France, Po basin in Italy, and the Upper Silesia-Moravia district in Poland are Europe’s leading industrial centers. Countries that lack industrial raw materials specialize in Light industry, high end electronics and specialty tools.
Service industries employ most of the workforce in Europe, there is more than 70 percent of workers that work in service industries. Europe’s top service industries are insurance and international banking. Prague, Czech Republic, and Budapest are some of Eastern Europe’s more popular cities for tourists to visit.
Europe’s fertile farmland is part of Europe’s agriculture, and many Europeans still earn a living by farming. 58 percent of workers in Albania are farmers, while only 2 percent are farmers in the United Kingdom. The types of crops they grow vary from area to area. Olives, citrus fruits, dates, and grapes grow in Mediterranean areas, while farther north they grow wheat, rye, and other grains. The Northern countries produce dairy products. Scandinavian countries supply fish.
In Eastern Europe, they use a method of farming called mixed farming, which is raising several kinds of crops and livestock on the same farm. Farm cooperatives are organizations in which farmers share in growing and selling products, which reduces costs and increases profits.
Some new farming methods receive criticism throughout Europe. For example, genetically modified foods– foods with genes altered to make them grow bigger or faster or be more resistent to pests. Many who oppose this say that there is little known about the safety of these foods, so many farmers in Europe rely on organic farming– using natural substances instead of chemicals to increase crop yields.
How important is tourism in Europe?
How many people work in light industry?
What raw materials are used for light industry?
World Geography and Culture. 2012. The Mcgraw hill Companies inc.
“European Farmland Ukraine.” Photograph. MEFRG. MEFRG. Web. 24 Jan 2012.