1. Congo River
The Congo River, unlike most other African rivers, reaches the sea where freshwater meets seawater (estuary). This is known to be 7 miles wide and is commonly used by ships. The remaining part of the river is a large network of navigable waterways for boats. This is made up of rapids and waterfalls- both dangerous and beautiful.
Lake Victoria, though shallow, is the largest freshwater lake in Africa and the second-largest in the world (after Lake Superior in North America). Located between the eastern and western branches of the Great Rift Valley, it is also the source of the White Nile.
The Great Rift Valley was formed by shifting tectonic plates. The rift valley lies in a system of faults created by movements in the plates. Volcanic cones are located along the eastern branch of the Great Rift Valley. The volcanic eruptions help to shape the valley’s landscape.
These mountains can be found in South Africa and Lesotho. Rising to more than 11,000 feet (3,353m), these mountains form the escarpment part along the southern edge of the African continent.
Lake Tanganyika lies in the western branch of the Great Rift Valley in east Africa – a depression formed by tectonic activity. It is one of the world’s longest and deepest freshwater lakes.
The Serengeti is one of the world’s largest savanna plains. On these plains, millions of animals make their homes here. There are animals such as zebras, gazelles, hyenas, lions, giraffes, and cheetahs.
7. Victoria Falls
Victoria Falls is a waterfall at the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe. The Zambezi River falls 355 feet over an area of nearly two kilometers. During the dry season, many tourists come from all over the world to visit the falls.
Mt. Kilimanjaro lies on the eastern branch of the Great Rift Valley. It has three summits, Shira, Kibo, and Mawenzi. It is the highest mountain in Africa. It used to be a volcano, but is now dormant.
The Ruwenzori Mountains, also known as the “Mountains of the Moon,” divide Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. They are called the “Mountains of the Moon” due to the snow and clouds present there.
Found along the Atlantic coast of Namibia, you can find rocks, dunes, and desert plants spread across the whole desert. To the east, there is the Kalahari Desert- a vast, dry desert that is home to some animals and variety of plants.
“Congo River.” Photograph. Ending Extreme Poverty in the Congo, 2009. Web. 6 March 2012.
“Lake-victoria2.” Photograph. Lake Victoria. Lake Victoria, n.d. Web. 6 March 2012. < http://www.lake-victoria.net/Victoria.html>.
Great Rift Valley:
“east Africa Rift.” Photograph. Geology.com. n.d. Web. 6 Mar 2012.
“Drakensburg Range.” Photograph. Astgbv files, 2012. Web. 6 March 2012. http://astgbv.files.wordpress.com/2010/02/drakensberg.jpg
Cohen, Andrew. “Lake Tanganyika coastline at Gombe Stream National Park.” Photograph. Office of Legislative and Public Affairs. National Science Foundation Office of Legislative and Public Affairs, n.d. Web. 6 March 2012. <http://www.nsf.gov/od/lpa/news/03/pr0383_images.htm>.
“Serengeti Plain.” Photograph. Britannica, 2012. Web. 6 March 2012. http://media.web.britannica.com/eb-media/70/20270-004-4FD72B32.jpg
“Victoria Falls.” Zambiatourism. Zambiatourism, n.d. Web. 6 Mar. 2012. <http://www.zambiatourism.com/travel/places/victoria.htm>
“Victoria Falls.” Photograph. VictoriaFalls.com. SafariLodges.com, n.d. Web. 6 Mar. 2012. <http://www.victoriafalls.com/>
“Mount Kilimanjaro.” Photograph. Mount Kilimanjaro Trekking. n.d. Web. 6 Mar 2012.
“Mount Kilimanjaro.” EWP. n.p. n.d. Web. 6 March, 2012.
“Ruwenzori Mountains.” Photograph. Mountainprofessor, 2012. Web. 6 March 2012. < http://www.mountainprofessor.com/images/Rwenzori-mount-speke.jpg>
“Footprints Namib Desert Namibia Africa.” Photograph. Pptbackgrounds, 2011. Web. 6 March 2012. http://www.pptbackgrounds.net/footprints-namib-desert-namibia-africa-backgrounds.html
Boehm, Richard G. “Physical Geography of Africa South of the Sahara.” World Geography and Cultures. Columbus: McGraw/Hill, 2012. Print.
“Africa Satellite Image.” MapsofNet. Web. 06 Mar. 2012. <http://mapsof.net/map/africa-satellite-image>.